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Interim Guidance on Early Peanut Introduction and Prevention of Peanut Allergy

PeanutsMILWAUKEE, WI – While an update to the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) food allergy guidelines is due to begin this summer, a "Consensus Communication on Early Peanut Introduction and the Prevention of Peanut Allergy in High-Risk Infants" has been published today by The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, an official journal of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI).

Why is this consensus communication important?
The results of the Learning Early About Peanut (LEAP) study provided new evidence to support early, rather than delayed, peanut introduction during the period complementary foods are first given to infants. Specifically, the LEAP study demonstrated a successful 11 to 25% absolute reduction in the risk of developing peanut allergy in high-risk infants (and a relative risk reduction of up to 80%) if peanut was introduced between 4 and 11 months. It is important to note that children with lesser risk factors for peanut allergy were excluded from the LEAP study, so there is no prospective, randomized data that speaks to the benefit or risk of early peanut introduction in the general to low-risk populations.

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