Allergy 4 All

Types of Allergies

Rhinitis
AR is caused by inflammation of the nose due to allergens in the environment. This is commonly known as Hayfever and is triggered by pollen travelling in the air. This may present as sneezing, nasal discharge, blocked nose or persistent nose itch.

 

 

Conjunctivitis
Conjunctivitis is also known as ocular allergy occurs when the conjunctiva is irritated by something you have an allergy to. The conjunctiva is the fine membrane which coats the eye and inside of the eyelid.

 

 

Asthma
Asthma is a condition that primarily affects the tubes responsible for carrying air in and out of the lungs, known as the airways. Asthma occurs when the airways become over sensitive to factors that would not usually be problematic such as, dust or cold air. The airway becomes narrow making it difficult for the air to flow in and out as a result of tightening of the muscles around the wall of the airway. The breathing passages become clogged with sticky mucus which is produced as the lining of the airway gets swollen.

 

 

Oral allergy
Oral allergy is caused as a result of a cross reaction of allergens found in raw fruit, vegetables, pollen and or some tree nuts. Oral allergy is also known as pollen-food. The pollen and similar proteins in the food triggers the immune system to direct an allergic response. Usually those affected by oral allergy syndrome can eat same fruit or vegetables when cooked, as the heating process denatures the proteins therefore the immune system doesn’t identify foods as harmful.

 

 

Food Allergy
The most common food allergies in children are milk, eggs, peanuts, tree nuts, soy, wheat, fish and shellfish. 2-3% of children suffer from food allergies.

 

Cow’s milk allergy (CMA) is one of the most common food allergies in infants and young children. Approximately 2% of children under 4 years suffer from this condition. However, most children will grow out of their cow’s milk allergy by age 3-5 years.

 

Egg allergy is another common allergy diagnosed in children. Egg allergy occurs as a result of overreaction of the immune system in response to the proteins present in both egg white and egg yolk. However, the good news is that two thirds of children are no longer egg allergic by age 10.

 

 

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